Dating pe mobil

dating pe mobil

Mobile ( / m oʊ ˈ b iː l / moh- BEEL ; French pronunciation: ​ [mɔ.bil] ) is the county seat of Mobile County, Alabama , United States. The population within the city limits was 195,111 as of the 2010 United States Census , [9] making it the third most populous city in Alabama, the most populous in Mobile County, and the largest municipality on the Gulf Coast between New Orleans, Louisiana , and St. Petersburg, Florida .

Mobile began as the first capital of colonial French Louisiana in 1702. During its first 100 years, Mobile was a colony of France , then Britain , and lastly Spain. Mobile first became a part of the United States of America in 1813, with the annexation of West Florida under President James Madison . In 1861 Alabama joined the Confederate States of America , which surrendered in 1865. [16]

As one of the Gulf Coast 's cultural centers, Mobile has several art museums, a symphony orchestra, a professional opera, a professional ballet company, and a large concentration of historic architecture. [17] [18] Mobile is known for having the oldest organized Carnival celebrations in the United States. The festival began to be celebrated in the first decade of the 18th century by its first French Catholic colonial settlers. Mobile was host to the first formally organized Carnival mystic society , known elsewhere as a krewe , to celebrate with a parade in the United States, beginning in 1830. [19] In 2005 the first integrated mystic society had a parade for Mardi Gras.

The city gained its name from the Mobile tribe that the French colonists encountered living in the area of Mobile Bay . [20] Although debated by Alabama historians, they may have been descendants of the Native American tribe whose small fortress town, Mabila , was used to conceal several thousand native warriors before an attack in 1540 on the expedition of Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto . [21] The Mobile tribe, along with the Tohomé, obtained permission from the colonists, about seven years after the founding of the Mobile settlement, to settle near the fort. [22] [23]

These additional outbreaks of disease and a series of floods resulted in Bienville's ordering relocation of the settlement in 1711 several miles downriver to its present location at the confluence of the Mobile River and Mobile Bay . [26] A new earth-and-palisade Fort Louis was constructed at the new site during this time. [27] By 1712, when Antoine Crozat was appointed to take over administration of the colony, its population had reached 400 persons.

The capital of La Louisiane was moved in 1720 to Biloxi , [27] leaving Mobile to serve as a regional military and trading center. In 1723 the construction of a new brick fort with a stone foundation began [27] and it was renamed Fort Condé in honor of Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon and prince of Condé . [28]

In 1763, the Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the Seven Years' War , which Britain won, defeating France. By this treaty, France ceded its territories east of the Mississippi River to Britain. This area was made a part of the expanded British West Florida colony. [29] The British changed the name of Fort Condé to Fort Charlotte, after Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz , wife and queen with King George III . [30]



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